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[Maturing]

assign_date() assign dates to two sequential hours. It can facilitate time arithmetic by locating time values without a date reference on a timeline.

Usage

assign_date(start, end, ambiguity = 0)

Arguments

start, end

An hms or POSIXt object indicating the start or end hour.

ambiguity

(optional) a numeric or NA value to instruct assign_date() on how to deal with ambiguities. See the Details section to learn more (default: 0).

Value

A start--endInterval object.

Details

Class requirements

The mctq package works with a set of object classes specially created to hold time values. These classes can be found in the lubridate and hms packages. Please refer to those package documentations to learn more about them.

ambiguity argument

In cases when start is equal to end, there are two possibilities of intervals between the two hours (ambiguity). That's because start and end can be at the same point in time or they can distance themselves by one day, considering a two-day timeline.

 start,end       start,end       start,end       start,end
   start            end            start            end
   10:00           10:00           10:00           10:00
-----|---------------|---------------|---------------|----->
    0h              0h              0h              0h
            24h             24h             24h

You must instruct assign_date() on how to deal with this problem if it occurs. There are three options to choose.

  • ambiguity = 0: to consider the interval between start and end as 0 hours, i.e., start and end are located at the same point in time (default).

  • ambiguity = 24: to consider the interval between start and end as 24 hours, i.e., start and end distance themselves by one day.

  • ambiguity = NA: to disregard these cases, assigning NA as value.

Base date and timezone

assign_date() uses the Unix epoch (1970-01-01) date as the start date for creating intervals.

The output will always have "UTC" set as timezone. Learn more about time zones in ?timezone.

POSIXt objects

POSIXt objects passed as argument to start or end will be stripped of their dates. Only the time will be considered.

Both POSIXct and POSIXlt are objects that inherits the class POSIXt. Learn more about it in ?DateTimeClasses.

NA values

assign_date() will return an Interval NA-NA if start or end are NA.

See also

Examples

## Scalar example

start <- hms::parse_hms("23:11:00")
end <- hms::parse_hms("05:30:00")
assign_date(start, end)
#> [1] 1970-01-01 23:11:00 UTC--1970-01-02 05:30:00 UTC
#> [1] 1970-01-01 23:11:00 UTC--1970-01-02 05:30:00 UTC # Expected

start <- hms::parse_hms("10:15:00")
end <- hms::parse_hms("13:25:00")
assign_date(start, end)
#> [1] 1970-01-01 10:15:00 UTC--1970-01-01 13:25:00 UTC
#> [1] 1970-01-01 10:15:00 UTC--1970-01-01 13:25:00 UTC # Expected

start <- hms::parse_hms("05:42:00")
end <- hms::as_hms(NA)
assign_date(start, end)
#> [1] NA--NA
#> [1] NA--NA # Expected

## Vector example

start <- c(hms::parse_hm("09:45"), hms::parse_hm("20:30"))
end <- c(hms::parse_hm("21:15"), hms::parse_hm("04:30"))
assign_date(start, end)
#> [1] 1970-01-01 09:45:00 UTC--1970-01-01 21:15:00 UTC
#> [2] 1970-01-01 20:30:00 UTC--1970-01-02 04:30:00 UTC
#> [1] 1970-01-01 09:45:00 UTC--1970-01-01 21:15:00 UTC # Expected
#> [2] 1970-01-01 20:30:00 UTC--1970-01-02 04:30:00 UTC # Expected

## To assign a 24 hours interval to ambiguities

start <- lubridate::as_datetime("1985-01-15 12:00:00")
end <- lubridate::as_datetime("2020-09-10 12:00:00")
assign_date(start, end, ambiguity = 24)
#> [1] 1970-01-01 12:00:00 UTC--1970-01-02 12:00:00 UTC
#> [1] 1970-01-01 12:00:00 UTC--1970-01-02 12:00:00 UTC # Expected