Installation

Stable version from CRAN

install.packages("solrium")

Or the development version from GitHub

remotes::install_github("ropensci/solrium")

Load

Initialize connection. By default, you connect to http://localhost:8983

(conn <- SolrClient$new())
#> <Solr Client>
#>   host: 127.0.0.1
#>   path: 
#>   port: 8983
#>   scheme: http
#>   errors: simple
#>   proxy:

Create documents from R objects

For now, only lists and data.frame’s supported.

data.frame

if (!collection_exists(conn, "books")) {
  collection_create(conn, name = "books", numShards = 1)
}
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 6513
#> 
#> 
#> $success
#> $success$`172.20.0.5:8983_solr`
#> $success$`172.20.0.5:8983_solr`$responseHeader
#> $success$`172.20.0.5:8983_solr`$responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $success$`172.20.0.5:8983_solr`$responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 5024
#> 
#> 
#> $success$`172.20.0.5:8983_solr`$core
#> [1] "books_shard1_replica_n1"
#> 
#> 
#> 
#> $warning
#> [1] "Using _default configset. Data driven schema functionality is enabled by default, which is NOT RECOMMENDED for production use. To turn it off: curl http://{host:port}/solr/books/config -d '{\"set-user-property\": {\"update.autoCreateFields\":\"false\"}}'"
df <- data.frame(id = c(67, 68), price = c(1000, 500000000))
conn$add(df, "books")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 987

list

ss <- list(list(id = 1, price = 100), list(id = 2, price = 500))
conn$add(ss, "books")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 61

Delete documents

By id

Create collection if it doesn’t exist yet

if (!collection_exists(conn, "gettingstarted")) {
  collection_create(conn, name = "gettingstarted", numShards = 1)
}
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 6446
#> 
#> 
#> $success
#> $success$`172.20.0.7:8983_solr`
#> $success$`172.20.0.7:8983_solr`$responseHeader
#> $success$`172.20.0.7:8983_solr`$responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $success$`172.20.0.7:8983_solr`$responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 5112
#> 
#> 
#> $success$`172.20.0.7:8983_solr`$core
#> [1] "gettingstarted_shard1_replica_n1"
#> 
#> 
#> 
#> $warning
#> [1] "Using _default configset. Data driven schema functionality is enabled by default, which is NOT RECOMMENDED for production use. To turn it off: curl http://{host:port}/solr/gettingstarted/config -d '{\"set-user-property\": {\"update.autoCreateFields\":\"false\"}}'"

Add some documents first

docs <- list(list(id = 1, price = 100, name = "brown"),
             list(id = 2, price = 500, name = "blue"),
             list(id = 3, price = 2000L, name = "pink"))
conn$add(docs, "gettingstarted")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 1108

And the documents are now in your Solr database

conn$search(name = "gettingstarted", params = list(q = "*:*", rows = 3))
#> # A tibble: 3 x 4
#>   id    price name  `_version_`
#>   <chr> <int> <chr>       <dbl>
#> 1 1       100 brown     1.66e18
#> 2 2       500 blue      1.66e18
#> 3 3      2000 pink      1.66e18

Now delete those documents just added

conn$delete_by_id(ids = c(1, 2, 3), "gettingstarted")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 48

And now they are gone

conn$search("gettingstarted", params = list(q = "*:*", rows = 4))
#> # A tibble: 0 x 0

By query

Add some documents first

conn$add(docs, "gettingstarted")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 72

And the documents are now in your Solr database

conn$search("gettingstarted", params = list(q = "*:*", rows = 5))
#> # A tibble: 3 x 4
#>   id    price name  `_version_`
#>   <chr> <int> <chr>       <dbl>
#> 1 1       100 brown     1.66e18
#> 2 2       500 blue      1.66e18
#> 3 3      2000 pink      1.66e18

Now delete those documents just added

conn$delete_by_query(query = "(name:blue OR name:pink)", "gettingstarted")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 122

And now they are gone

conn$search("gettingstarted", params = list(q = "*:*", rows = 5))
#> # A tibble: 1 x 4
#>   id    price name  `_version_`
#>   <chr> <int> <chr>       <dbl>
#> 1 1       100 brown     1.66e18

Update documents from files

This approach is best if you have many different things you want to do at once, e.g., delete and add files and set any additional options. The functions are:

There are separate functions for each of the data types as they take slightly different parameters - and to make it more clear that those are the three input options for data types.

JSON

file <- system.file("examples", "books.json", package = "solrium")
conn$update_json(file, "books")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 782

Add and delete in the same file

Add a document first, that we can later delete

ss <- list(list(id = 456, name = "cat"))
conn$add(ss, "books")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 100

Now add a new document, and delete the one we just made

file <- system.file("examples", "add_delete.xml", package = "solrium")
cat(readLines(file), sep = "\n")
#> <update>
#>  <add>
#>    <doc>
#>      <field name="id">978-0641723445</field>
#>      <field name="cat">book,hardcover</field>
#>      <field name="name">The Lightning Thief</field>
#>      <field name="author">Rick Riordan</field>
#>      <field name="series_t">Percy Jackson and the Olympians</field>
#>      <field name="sequence_i">1</field>
#>      <field name="genre_s">fantasy</field>
#>      <field name="inStock">TRUE</field>
#>      <field name="pages_i">384</field>
#>    </doc>
#>  </add>
#>  <delete>
#>      <id>456</id>
#>  </delete>
#> </update>
conn$update_xml(file, "books")
#> $responseHeader
#> $responseHeader$rf
#> [1] 1
#> 
#> $responseHeader$status
#> [1] 0
#> 
#> $responseHeader$QTime
#> [1] 279

Notes

Note that update_xml() and update_json() have exactly the same parameters, but simply use different data input formats. update_csv() is different in that you can’t provide document or field level boosts or other modifications. In addition update_csv() can accept not just csv, but tsv and other types of separators.