An async client to work with many URLs, but all with the same HTTP method

Value

a list, with objects of class HttpResponse(). Responses are returned in the order they are passed in. We print the first 10.

Details

See HttpClient() for information on parameters.

Failure behavior

HTTP requests mostly fail in ways that you are probably familiar with, including when there's a 400 response (the URL not found), and when the server made a mistake (a 500 series HTTP status code).

But requests can fail sometimes where there is no HTTP status code, and no agreed upon way to handle it other than to just fail immediately.

When a request fails when using synchronous requests (see HttpClient) you get an error message that stops your code progression immediately saying for example:

  • "Could not resolve host: https://foo.com"

  • "Failed to connect to foo.com"

  • "Resolving timed out after 10 milliseconds"

However, for async requests we don't want to fail immediately because that would stop the subsequent requests from occurring. Thus, when we find that a request fails for one of the reasons above we give back a HttpResponse object just like any other response, and:

  • capture the error message and put it in the content slot of the response object (thus calls to content and parse() work correctly)

  • give back a 0 HTTP status code. we handle this specially when testing whether the request was successful or not with e.g., the success() method

See also

Public fields

urls

(character) one or more URLs

opts

any curl options

proxies

named list of headers

auth

an object of class auth

headers

named list of headers

Methods

Public methods


Method print()

print method for Async objects

Usage

Async$print(x, ...)

Arguments

x

self

...

ignored


Method new()

Create a new Async object

Usage

Async$new(urls, opts, proxies, auth, headers)

Arguments

urls

(character) one or more URLs

opts

any curl options

proxies

a proxy() object

auth

an auth() object

headers

named list of headers

Returns

A new Async object.


Method get()

execute the GET http verb for the urls

Usage

Async$get(path = NULL, query = list(), disk = NULL, stream = NULL, ...)

Arguments

path

(character) URL path, appended to the base URL

query

(list) query terms, as a named list

disk

a path to write to. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_disk() for help.

stream

an R function to determine how to stream data. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_stream() for help

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest

Examples

\dontrun{
(cc <- Async$new(urls = c(
    'https://httpbin.org/',
    'https://httpbin.org/get?a=5',
    'https://httpbin.org/get?foo=bar'
  )))
(res <- cc$get())
}


Method post()

execute the POST http verb for the urls

Usage

Async$post(
  path = NULL,
  query = list(),
  body = NULL,
  encode = "multipart",
  disk = NULL,
  stream = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

path

(character) URL path, appended to the base URL

query

(list) query terms, as a named list

body

body as an R list

encode

one of form, multipart, json, or raw

disk

a path to write to. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_disk() for help.

stream

an R function to determine how to stream data. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_stream() for help

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest


Method put()

execute the PUT http verb for the urls

Usage

Async$put(
  path = NULL,
  query = list(),
  body = NULL,
  encode = "multipart",
  disk = NULL,
  stream = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

path

(character) URL path, appended to the base URL

query

(list) query terms, as a named list

body

body as an R list

encode

one of form, multipart, json, or raw

disk

a path to write to. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_disk() for help.

stream

an R function to determine how to stream data. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_stream() for help

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest


Method patch()

execute the PATCH http verb for the urls

Usage

Async$patch(
  path = NULL,
  query = list(),
  body = NULL,
  encode = "multipart",
  disk = NULL,
  stream = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

path

(character) URL path, appended to the base URL

query

(list) query terms, as a named list

body

body as an R list

encode

one of form, multipart, json, or raw

disk

a path to write to. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_disk() for help.

stream

an R function to determine how to stream data. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_stream() for help

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest


Method delete()

execute the DELETE http verb for the urls

Usage

Async$delete(
  path = NULL,
  query = list(),
  body = NULL,
  encode = "multipart",
  disk = NULL,
  stream = NULL,
  ...
)

Arguments

path

(character) URL path, appended to the base URL

query

(list) query terms, as a named list

body

body as an R list

encode

one of form, multipart, json, or raw

disk

a path to write to. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_disk() for help.

stream

an R function to determine how to stream data. if NULL (default), memory used. See curl::curl_fetch_stream() for help

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest


Method head()

execute the HEAD http verb for the urls

Usage

Async$head(path = NULL, ...)

Arguments

path

(character) URL path, appended to the base URL

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest


Method verb()

execute any supported HTTP verb

Usage

Async$verb(verb, ...)

Arguments

verb

(character) a supported HTTP verb: get, post, put, patch, delete, head.

...

curl options, only those in the acceptable set from curl::curl_options() except the following: httpget, httppost, post, postfields, postfieldsize, and customrequest

Examples

\dontrun{
cc <- Async$new(
  urls = c(
    'https://httpbin.org/',
    'https://httpbin.org/get?a=5',
    'https://httpbin.org/get?foo=bar'
  )
)
(res <- cc$verb('get'))
lapply(res, function(z) z$parse("UTF-8"))
}


Method clone()

The objects of this class are cloneable with this method.

Usage

Async$clone(deep = FALSE)

Arguments

deep

Whether to make a deep clone.

Examples

if (FALSE) { cc <- Async$new( urls = c( 'https://httpbin.org/', 'https://httpbin.org/get?a=5', 'https://httpbin.org/get?foo=bar' ) ) cc (res <- cc$get()) res[[1]] res[[1]]$url res[[1]]$success() res[[1]]$status_http() res[[1]]$response_headers res[[1]]$method res[[1]]$content res[[1]]$parse("UTF-8") lapply(res, function(z) z$parse("UTF-8")) # curl options/headers with async urls = c( 'https://httpbin.org/', 'https://httpbin.org/get?a=5', 'https://httpbin.org/get?foo=bar' ) cc <- Async$new(urls = urls, opts = list(verbose = TRUE), headers = list(foo = "bar") ) cc (res <- cc$get()) # using auth with async dd <- Async$new( urls = rep('https://httpbin.org/basic-auth/user/passwd', 3), auth = auth(user = "foo", pwd = "passwd"), opts = list(verbose = TRUE) ) dd res <- dd$get() res vapply(res, function(z) z$status_code, double(1)) vapply(res, function(z) z$success(), logical(1)) lapply(res, function(z) z$parse("UTF-8")) # failure behavior ## e.g. when a URL doesn't exist, a timeout, etc. urls <- c("http://stuffthings.gvb", "https://foo.com", "https://httpbin.org/get") conn <- Async$new(urls = urls) res <- conn$get() res[[1]]$parse("UTF-8") # a failure res[[2]]$parse("UTF-8") # a failure res[[3]]$parse("UTF-8") # a success } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Async$get` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { (cc <- Async$new(urls = c( 'https://httpbin.org/', 'https://httpbin.org/get?a=5', 'https://httpbin.org/get?foo=bar' ))) (res <- cc$get()) } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Async$verb` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { cc <- Async$new( urls = c( 'https://httpbin.org/', 'https://httpbin.org/get?a=5', 'https://httpbin.org/get?foo=bar' ) ) (res <- cc$verb('get')) lapply(res, function(z) z$parse("UTF-8")) }