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sloss_week() computes the weekly sleep loss for the standard and micro versions of the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire (MCTQ).

Usage

sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)

Arguments

sd_w

A Duration object corresponding to the sleep duration on workdays from a standard or micro version of the MCTQ questionnaire. You can use sdu() to compute it.

sd_f

A Duration object corresponding to the sleep duration on work-free days from a standard or micro version of the MCTQ questionnaire. You can use sdu() to compute it.

wd

An integerish numeric object or an integer object corresponding to the number of workdays per week from a standard or micro version of the MCTQ questionnaire.

Value

A Duration object corresponding to the weekly sleep loss.

Details

Standard MCTQ functions were created following the guidelines in Roenneberg, Wirz-Justice, & Merrow (2003), Roenneberg, Allebrandt, Merrow, & Vetter (2012), and from The Worldwide Experimental Platform (theWeP, n.d.).

\(\mu\)MCTQ functions were created following the guidelines in Ghotbi et al. (2020), in addition to the guidelines used for the standard MCTQ.

MCTQ\(^{Shift}\) functions were created following the guidelines in Juda, Vetter, & Roenneberg (2013), in addition to the guidelines used for the standard MCTQ.

See the References section to learn more.

Class requirements

The mctq package works with a set of object classes specially created to hold time values. These classes can be found in the lubridate and hms packages. Please refer to those package documentations to learn more about them.

Rounding and fractional time

Some operations may produce an output with fractional time (e.g., "19538.3828571429s (~5.43 hours)", 01:15:44.505). If you want, you can round it with round_time().

Our recommendation is to avoid rounding, but, if you do, make sure that you only round your values after all computations are done. That way you avoid round-off errors.

Guidelines

Roenneberg, Allebrandt, Merrow, & Vetter (2012) and The Worldwide Experimental Platform (n.d.) guidelines for sloss_week() (\(SLoss_{week}\)) computation are as follows.

Notes

  • If you are visualizing this documentation in plain text (ASCII), you may have some trouble understanding the equations. If you want a better viewer, you can see this documentation on the package website.

Computation

$$\textrm{If } SD_{week} > SD_W \; , \; (SD_{week} - SD_W) \times WD$$ $$\textrm{If } SD_{week} \leq SD_W \; , \; (SD_{week} - SD_F) \times FD$$

Where:

  • \(SD_W\) = sleep duration on workdays.

  • \(SD_F\) = sleep duration on work-free days.

  • \(SD_{week}\) = average weekly sleep duration.

  • \(WD\) = number of workdays per week ("I have a regular work schedule and work ___ days per week").

  • \(FD\) = number of work-free days per week.

* \(W\) = workdays; \(F\) = work-free days.

Missing sections in standard and micro MCTQ versions

Although the standard and micro versions of the MCTQ asks for respondents to complete the workdays and work-free days sections, even when they do not have a regular work schedule (wd = 0) or have a 7 day/week work schedule (wd = 7), some of them may still end skipping one of this parts of the questionnaire. In those cases, sd_week(), sloss_week(), le_week(), msf_sc(), sjl_rel(), and sjl() will produce NA (Not Available) as output. That's because those computations combine workdays and work-free days variables.

For those special standard and micro MCTQ cases, where one section is missing, a NA value is the correct output for the functions mentioned above when wd (number of workdays per week) are wd > 0 & wd < 7, but it may not be when wd == 0 or wd == 7. There are different approaches to deal with this issue. See vignette("missing-sections", package = "mctq") to learn more.

References

Ghotbi, N., Pilz, L. K., Winnebeck, E. C., Vetter, C., Zerbini, G., Lenssen, D., Frighetto, G., Salamanca, M., Costa, R., Montagnese, S., & Roenneberg, T. (2020). The \(\mu\)MCTQ: an ultra-short version of the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 35(1), 98-110. doi: 10.1177/0748730419886986 .

Juda, M., Vetter, C., & Roenneberg, T. (2013). The Munich ChronoType Questionnaire for shift-workers (MCTQ\(^{Shift}\)). Journal of Biological Rhythms, 28(2), 130-140. doi: 10.1177/0748730412475041 .

Roenneberg T., Allebrandt K. V., Merrow M., & Vetter C. (2012). Social jetlag and obesity. Current Biology, 22(10), 939-43. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.03.038 .

Roenneberg, T., Wirz-Justice, A., & Merrow, M. (2003). Life between clocks: daily temporal patterns of human chronotypes. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 18(1), 80-90. doi: 10.1177/0748730402239679 .

The Worldwide Experimental Platform (n.d.). MCTQ. https://www.thewep.org/documentations/mctq/

Examples

## Scalar example

sd_w <- lubridate::dhours(6.5)
sd_f <- lubridate::dhours(7)
wd <- 4
sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)
#> [1] "3085.71428571429s (~51.43 minutes)"
#> [1] "3085.71428571429s (~51.43 minutes)" # Expected

sd_w <- lubridate::dhours(7)
sd_f <- lubridate::dhours(8)
wd <- 5
sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)
#> [1] "5142.85714285714s (~1.43 hours)"
#> [1] "5142.85714285714s (~1.43 hours)" # Expected

sd_w <- lubridate::dhours(NA)
sd_f <- lubridate::dhours(9.45)
wd <- 7
sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)
#> [1] NA
#> [1] NA # Expected

## Vector example

sd_w <- c(lubridate::dhours(7), lubridate::dhours(8))
sd_f <- c(lubridate::dhours(6.5), lubridate::dhours(8))
wd <- c(2, 0)
sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)
#> [1] "2571.42857142857s (~42.86 minutes)" "0s"                                
#> [1] "2571.42857142857s (~42.86 minutes)" "0s" # Expected

## Converting the output to `hms`

sd_w <- lubridate::dhours(4)
sd_f <- lubridate::dhours(5)
wd <- 3
x <- sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)
x
#> [1] "6171.42857142858s (~1.71 hours)"
#> [1] "6171.42857142858s (~1.71 hours)" # Expected
hms::as_hms(as.numeric(x))
#> 01:42:51.428571
#> 01:42:51.428571 # Expected

## Rounding the output at the seconds level

sd_w <- lubridate::dhours(5.8743)
sd_f <- lubridate::dhours(7.4324)
wd <- 6
x <- sloss_week(sd_w, sd_f, wd)
x
#> [1] "4807.85142857144s (~1.34 hours)"
#> [1] "4807.85142857144s (~1.34 hours)" # Expected
round_time(x)
#> [1] "4808s (~1.34 hours)"
#> [1] "4808s (~1.34 hours)" # Expected