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It generates a valid query, written following the OpenAlex API Language, from a set of parameters.

Usage

oa_query(
  filter = NULL,
  multiple_id = FALSE,
  identifier = NULL,
  entity = if (is.null(identifier)) NULL else id_type(identifier[[1]]),
  options = NULL,
  search = NULL,
  group_by = NULL,
  endpoint = "https://api.openalex.org",
  verbose = FALSE,
  ...
)

Arguments

filter

Character string. Filters narrow the list down to just entities that meet a particular condition--specifically, a particular value for a particular attribute. Filters are formatted as attribute = value. The complete list of filter attributes for each entity can be found at <https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/get-lists-of-entities/filter-entity-lists>. For example, `cited_by_count = ">100"`, `title.search = c("bibliometric analysis", "science mapping")`, or `to_publication_date = "2021-12-31"`.

multiple_id

Logical. Whether there are multiple identifiers.

identifier

Character. OpenAlex ID(s) as item identifier(s). See more at <https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/get-single-entities#the-openalex-id>.

entity

Character. Scholarly entity of the search. The argument can be one of c("works", "authors", "institutions", "concepts", "funders", "sources", "publishers"). If not provided, `entity` is guessed from `identifier`.

options

List. Additional parameters to add in the query. For example:

- `select` Character vector. Top-level fields to show in output. Defaults to NULL, which returns all fields. https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/get-single-entities/select-fields

- `sort` Character. Attribute to sort by. For example: "display_name" for sources or "cited_by_count:desc" for works. See more at <https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/get-lists-of-entities/sort-entity-lists>.

- `sample` Integer. Number of (random) records to return. Should be no larger than 10,000. Defaults to NULL, which returns all records satisfying the query. Read more at <https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/get-lists-of-entities/sample-entity-lists>.

- `seed` Integer. A seed value in order to retrieve the same set of random records in the same order when used multiple times with `sample`. IMPORTANT NOTE: Depending on your query, random results with a seed value may change over time due to new records coming into OpenAlex. This argument is likely only useful when queries happen close together (within a day).

search

Character. Search is just another kind of filter, one that all five endpoints support. But unlike the other filters, search does NOT require an exact match. This is particularly useful in author queries because many authors have middle names, which may not exist or do so in a variety of forms. The `display_name` filter requires an exact match and will NOT find all these authors. For example, author "Phillip H. Kuo" and "Phillip Hsin Kuo" can only be found either using search = "Phillip Kuo" or display_name = c("Phillip H. Kuo", "Phillip Hsin Kuo"). To filter using search, append .search to the end of the attribute you're filtering for.

group_by

Character. Attribute to group by. For example: "oa_status" for works. See more at <https://docs.openalex.org/how-to-use-the-api/get-groups-of-entities>.

endpoint

Character. URL of the OpenAlex Endpoint API server. Defaults to endpoint = "https://api.openalex.org".

verbose

Logical. If TRUE, print information on querying process. Default to verbose = FALSE. To shorten the printed query URL, set the environment variable openalexR.print to the number of characters to print: Sys.setenv(openalexR.print = 70).

...

Additional filter arguments.

Value

a character containing the query in OpenAlex format.

For more extensive information about OpenAlex API, please visit: <https://docs.openalex.org>.

Examples

if (FALSE) {

query_auth <- oa_query(identifier = "A5069892096", verbose = TRUE)

### EXAMPLE 1: Full record about an entity.

# Query to obtain allinformation about a particular work/author/institution/etc.:

#  The following paper is associated to the OpenAlex-id W2755950973.

#  Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). bibliometrix:
#   An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis.
#   Journal of informetrics, 11(4), 959-975.

query_work <- oa_query(
  identifier = "W2755950973",
  verbose = TRUE
)

#  The author Massimo Aria is associated to the OpenAlex-id A5069892096:

query_auth <- oa_query(identifier = "A5069892096", verbose = TRUE)

### EXAMPLE 2: all works citing a particular work.

# Query to search all works citing the article:
#  Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). bibliometrix:
#   An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis.
#   Journal of informetrics, 11(4), 959-975.

#  published in 2021.
#  The paper is associated to the OpenAlex id W2755950973.

#  Results have to be sorted by relevance score in a descending order.

query1 <- oa_query(
  entity = "works",
  cites = "W2755950973",
  from_publication_date = "2021-01-01",
  to_publication_date = "2021-12-31",
  verbose = TRUE
)

### EXAMPLE 3: All works matching a string in their title

# Query to search all works containing the exact string
# "bibliometric analysis" OR "science mapping" in the title, published in the first half of 2021.

# Results have to be sorted by relevance score in a descending order.

query2 <- oa_query(
  entity = "works",
  title.search = c("bibliometric analysis", "science mapping"),
  from_publication_date = "2021-01-01",
  to_publication_date = "2021-06-30",
  options = list(sort = "cited_by_count:desc"),
  verbose = TRUE
)
}