rfishbase 4. This is the fourth rewrite of the original
rfishbase package described in Boettiger et al. (2012).
rfishbase 1.0relied on parsing of XML pages served directly from Fishbase.org.
rfishbase 2.0relied on calls to a ruby-based API,
fishbaseapi, that provided access to SQL snapshots of about 20 of the more popular tables in FishBase or SeaLifeBase.
rfishbase 3.0side-stepped the API by making queries which directly downloaded compressed csv tables from a static web host. This substantially improved performance a reliability, particularly for large queries. The release largely remained backwards compatible with 2.0, and added more tables.
rfishbase 4.0extends the static model and interface. Static tables are distributed in parquet and accessed through a provenance-based identifier. While old functions are retained, a new interface is introduced to provide easy access to all fishbase tables.
We welcome any feedback, issues or questions that users may encounter through our issues tracker on GitHub: https://github.com/ropensci/rfishbase/issues
All fishbase tables can be accessed by name using the
# A tibble: 155,792 × 18 autoctr E_CODE EcosystemRefno Speccode Stockcode Status CurrentPresence<int> <int> <int> <int> <int> <chr> <chr> 1 1 1 50628 549 565 native Present 2 2 1 189 552 568 native Present 3 3 1 189 554 570 native Present 4 4 1 79732 873 889 native Present 5 5 1 5217 948 964 native Present 6 7 1 39852 956 972 native Present 7 8 1 39852 957 973 native Present 8 9 1 39852 958 974 native Present 9 10 1 188 1526 1719 native Present 10 11 1 188 1626 1819 native Present # … with 155,782 more rows, and 11 more variables: Abundance <chr>, # LifeStage <chr>, Remarks <chr>, Entered <int>, Dateentered <dttm>, # Modified <int>, Datemodified <dttm>, Expert <int>, Datechecked <dttm>, # WebURL <chr>, TS <dttm>
You can see all the tables using
fb_tables() to see a list of all the table names (specify
sealifebase if desired). Careful, there are a lot of them! The fishbase databases have grown a lot in the decades, and were not intended to be used directly by most end-users, so you may have considerable work to determine what’s what. Keep in mind that many variables can be estimated in different ways (e.g. trophic level), and thus may report different values in different tables. Also note that species is name (or SpecCode) is not always the primary key for a table – many tables are specific to stocks or even individual samples, and some tables are reference lists that are not species focused at all, but meant to be joined to other tables (
faoareas, etc). Compare tables against what you see on fishbase.org, or ask on our issues forum for advice!
# A tibble: 2 × 3 sci_name FBname Length<chr> <chr> <dbl> 1 Oreochromis niloticus Nile tilapia 60 2 Salmo trutta Sea trout 140
SeaLifeBase.org is maintained by the same organization and largely parallels the database structure of Fishbase. As such, almost all
rfishbase functions can instead be instructed to address the
# A tibble: 97,220 × 109 SpecCode Genus Species Author SpeciesRefNo FBname FamCode Subfamily GenCode<int> <chr> <chr> <chr> <int> <chr> <int> <chr> <int> 1 32307 Aapto… americ… (Pilsb… 19 <NA> 815 <NA> 27838 2 32306 Aapto… brinto… Newman… 81749 <NA> 815 <NA> 27838 3 32308 Aapto… callis… (Pilsb… 19 <NA> 815 <NA> 27838 4 32304 Aapto… leptod… Newman… 19 <NA> 815 <NA> 27838 5 32305 Aapto… trider… Newman… 19 <NA> 815 <NA> 27838 6 51720 Aaptos aaptos (Schmi… 19 <NA> 2630 <NA> 9253 7 165941 Aaptos bergma… de Lau… 108813 <NA> 2630 <NA> 9253 8 105687 Aaptos ciliata (Wilso… 3477 <NA> 2630 <NA> 9253 9 139407 Aaptos duchas… (Topse… 85482 <NA> 2630 <NA> 9253 10 130070 Aaptos laxosu… (Solla… 81108 <NA> 2630 <NA> 9253 # … with 97,210 more rows, and 100 more variables: TaxIssue <int>, # Remark <chr>, PicPreferredName <chr>, PicPreferredNameM <chr>, # PicPreferredNameF <chr>, PicPreferredNameJ <chr>, Source <chr>, # AuthorRef <int>, SubGenCode <int>, Fresh <int>, Brack <int>, # Saltwater <int>, Land <int>, BodyShapeI <chr>, DemersPelag <chr>, # AnaCat <chr>, MigratRef <int>, DepthRangeShallow <int>, # DepthRangeDeep <int>, DepthRangeRef <int>, DepthRangeComShallow <int>, …
By default, tables are downloaded the first time they are used.
rfishbase defaults to download the latest available snapshot; be aware that the most recent snapshot may be months behind the latest data on fishbase.org. Check available releases:
1] "21.06" "19.04"[
Users can trigger a one-time download of all fishbase tables (or a list of desired tables) using
fb_import(). This will ensure later use of any function can operate smoothly even when no internet connection is available. Any table already downloaded will not be re-downloaded. (Note:
fb_import() also returns a remote duckdb database connection to the tables, for users who prefer to work with the remote data objects.)
conn <- fb_import()
If you have very limited RAM (e.g. <= 2 GB available) it may be helpful to use
fishbase tables in remote form by setting
collect = FALSE. This allows the tables to remain on disk, while the user is still able to use almost all
dplyr functions (see the
dbplyr vignette). Once the table is appropriately subset, the user will need to call
dplyr::collect() to use generic non-dplyr functions, such as plotting commmands.
fb_tbl("occurrence", collect = FALSE)
# Source: table<occurrence> [?? x 106] # Database: duckdb_connection catnum2 OccurrenceRefNo SpecCode Syncode Stockcode GenusCol SpeciesCol <int> <int> <int> <int> <int> <chr> <chr> 1 34424 36653 227 22902 241 "Megalops" "cyprinoid… 2 95154 45880 NA NA NA "" "" 3 97606 45880 NA NA NA "" "" 4 100025 45880 5520 25676 5809 "Johnius" "belangeri… 5 98993 45880 5676 16650 5969 "Chromis" "retrofasc… 6 99316 45880 454 23112 468 "Drepane" "punctata" 7 99676 45880 5388 145485 5647 "Gymnothorax" "boschi" 8 99843 45880 16813 119925 15264 "Hemiramphus" "balinensi… 9 100607 45880 8288 59635 8601 "Ostracion" "rhinorhyn… 10 101529 45880 NA NA NA "Scomberoides" "toloo-par… # … with more rows, and 99 more variables: ColName <chr>, PicName <chr>, # CatNum <chr>, URL <chr>, Station <chr>, Cruise <chr>, Gazetteer <chr>, # LocalityType <chr>, WaterDepthMin <dbl>, WaterDepthMax <dbl>, # AltitudeMin <int>, AltitudeMax <int>, LatitudeDeg <int>, LatitudeMin <dbl>, # NorthSouth <chr>, LatitudeDec <dbl>, LongitudeDeg <int>, # LongitudeMIn <dbl>, EastWest <chr>, LongitudeDec <dbl>, Accuracy <chr>, # Salinity <chr>, LatitudeTo <dbl>, LongitudeTo <dbl>, LatitudeDegTo <int>, …
RStudio users can also browse all fishbase tables interactively in the RStudio connection browser by using the function
fisbase_pane(). Note that this function will first download a complete set of the fishbase tables.
rfishbase 4.0 tries to maintain as much backwards compatibility as possible with rfishbase 3.0. Because parquet preserves native data types, some encoded types may differ from earlier versions. As before, these are not always the native type – e.g. fishbase encodes some boolean (logical TRUE/FALSE) values as integer (-1, 0) or character types. Use
as.logical() to coerce into the appropriate type in that case.
Toggling between fishbase and sealifebase servers using an environmental variable,
FISHBASE_API, is now deprecated.
Note that fishbase will store downloaded files by hash in the app directory, given by
db_dir(). The default location can be set by configuring the desired path in the environmental variable,
Please note that this package is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.