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Get the NameID codes from Tropicos for taxonomic names.


  ask = TRUE,
  messages = TRUE,
  key = NULL,
  rows = NA,
  family = NULL,
  rank = NULL,
  sciname = NULL,

as.tpsid(x, check = TRUE)

# S3 method for tpsid
as.tpsid(x, check = TRUE)

# S3 method for character
as.tpsid(x, check = TRUE)

# S3 method for list
as.tpsid(x, check = TRUE)

# S3 method for numeric
as.tpsid(x, check = TRUE)

# S3 method for data.frame
as.tpsid(x, check = TRUE)

# S3 method for tpsid, ...)

get_tpsid_(sci, messages = TRUE, key = NULL, rows = NA, sciname = NULL, ...)



(character) One or more scientific name's as a vector or list. Or, a taxon_state object (see taxon-state)


logical; should get_tpsid be run in interactive mode? If TRUE and more than one ID is found for the species, the user is asked for input. If FALSE NA is returned for multiple matches.


logical; If TRUE the actual taxon queried is printed on the console.


Your API key; see taxize-authentication


numeric; Any number from 1 to infinity. If the default NA, all rows are considered. Note that this function still only gives back a tpsid class object with one to many identifiers. See get_tpsid_() to get back all, or a subset, of the raw data that you are presented during the ask process.


(character) A family name. Optional. See Filtering below.


(character) A taxonomic rank name. See rank_ref for possible options. Though note that some data sources use atypical ranks, so inspect the data itself for options. Optional. See Filtering below.


Deprecated, see sci


Other arguments passed to tp_search().


Input to as.tpsid()


logical; Check if ID matches any existing on the DB, only used in as.tpsid()


A vector of taxonomic identifiers as an S3 class. If a taxon is not found an NA is given. If more than one identifier is found the function asks for user input if ask = TRUE, otherwise returns NA. If ask=FALSE and rows does not equal NA, then a data.frame is given back, but not of the uid class, which you can't pass on to other functions as you normally can.

See get_id_details for further details including attributes and exceptions


The parameters family anranknk are not used in the search to the data provider, but are used in filtering the data down to a subset that is closer to the target you want. For all these parameters, you can use regex strings since we use grep() internally to match. Filtering narrows down to the set that matches your query, and removes the rest.


Scott Chamberlain,


if (FALSE) {
get_tpsid(sci='Poa annua')
get_tpsid(sci='Pinus contorta')

get_tpsid(c("Poa annua", "Pinus contorta"))

# specify rows to limit choices available
get_tpsid('Poa ann')
get_tpsid('Poa ann', rows=1)
get_tpsid('Poa ann', rows=25)
get_tpsid('Poa ann', rows=1:2)

# When not found, NA given (howdy is not a species name, and Chrinomus is a fly)
get_tpsid(c("Chironomus riparius", "howdy"))

# Narrow down results to a division or rank, or both
## Satyrium example
### Results w/o narrowing
### w/ rank
get_tpsid("Satyrium", rank = "var.")
get_tpsid("Satyrium", rank = "sp.")

## w/ family
get_tpsid("Poa", family = "Iridaceae")
get_tpsid("Poa", family = "Orchidaceae")
get_tpsid("Poa", family = "Orchidaceae", rank = "gen.")

# Fuzzy filter on any filtering fields
## uses grep on the inside
get_tpsid("Poa", family = "orchidaceae")
get_tpsid("Aga", fuzzy = TRUE, parent = "*idae")

# pass to classification function to get a taxonomic hierarchy
classification(get_tpsid(sci='Poa annua'))

# Convert a tpsid without class information to a tpsid class
as.tpsid(get_tpsid("Pinus contorta")) # already a tpsid, returns the same
as.tpsid(get_tpsid(c("Chironomus riparius","Pinus contorta"))) # same
as.tpsid(24900183) # numeric
as.tpsid(c(24900183,50150089,50079838)) # numeric vector, length > 1
as.tpsid("24900183") # character
as.tpsid(c("24900183","50150089","50079838")) # character vector, length > 1
as.tpsid(list("24900183","50150089","50079838")) # list, either numeric or character
## dont check, much faster
as.tpsid("24900183", check=FALSE)
as.tpsid(24900183, check=FALSE)
as.tpsid(c("24900183","50150089","50079838"), check=FALSE)
as.tpsid(list("24900183","50150089","50079838"), check=FALSE)

(out <- as.tpsid(c(24900183,50150089,50079838)))
as.tpsid( data.frame(out) )

# Get all data back
get_tpsid_("Poa annua")
get_tpsid_("Poa annua", rows=2)
get_tpsid_("Poa annua", rows=1:2)
get_tpsid_(c("asdfadfasd","Pinus contorta"), rows=1:5)

# use curl options
invisible(get_tpsid("Quercus douglasii", messages = TRUE))