Use the bulk API to create documents

  index = NULL,
  type = NULL,
  chunk_size = 1000,
  doc_ids = NULL,
  es_ids = TRUE,
  raw = FALSE,
  quiet = FALSE,
  query = list(),



an Elasticsearch connection object, see connect()


A list, data.frame, or character path to a file. required.


(character) The index name to use. Required for data.frame input, but optional for file inputs.


(character) The type. default: NULL. Note that type is deprecated in Elasticsearch v7 and greater, and removed in Elasticsearch v8


(integer) Size of each chunk. If your data.frame is smaller thank chunk_size, this parameter is essentially ignored. We write in chunks because at some point, depending on size of each document, and Elasticsearch setup, writing a very large number of documents in one go becomes slow, so chunking can help. This parameter is ignored if you pass a file name. Default: 1000


An optional vector (character or numeric/integer) of document ids to use. This vector has to equal the size of the documents you are passing in, and will error if not. If you pass a factor we convert to character. Default: not passed


(boolean) Let Elasticsearch assign document IDs as UUIDs. These are sequential, so there is order to the IDs they assign. If TRUE, doc_ids is ignored. Default: TRUE


(logical) Get raw JSON back or not. If TRUE you get JSON; if FALSE you get a list. Default: FALSE


(logical) Suppress progress bar. Default: FALSE


(list) a named list of query parameters. optional. options include: pipeline, refresh, routing, _source, _source_excludes, _source_includes, timeout, wait_for_active_shards. See the docs bulk ES page for details


Pass on curl options to crul::HttpClient


For doing create with a file already prepared for the bulk API, see docs_bulk()

Only data.frame's are supported for now.

See also


if (FALSE) {
x <- connect()
if (index_exists(x, "foobar")) index_delete(x, "foobar")

df <- data.frame(name = letters[1:3], size = 1:3, id = 100:102)
docs_bulk_create(x, df, 'foobar', es_ids = FALSE)
Search(x, "foobar", asdf = TRUE)$hits$hits

# more examples
docs_bulk_create(x, mtcars, index = "hello")
## field names cannot contain dots
names(iris) <- gsub("\\.", "_", names(iris))
docs_bulk_create(x, iris, "iris")
## type can be missing, but index can not
docs_bulk_create(x, iris, "flowers")
## big data.frame, 53K rows, load ggplot2 package first
# res <- docs_bulk_create(x, diamonds, "diam")
# Search(x, "diam")$hits$total$value